Foundations of Music Education


Tarleton State University

Instructor:  Dr. Vicky V. Johnson   254/968-9245

MUSI 5340  Course Outline



  Syllabus     Assignments     Discussions     Writing     APA     Turnitin     Final Project


Week #

Week Dates

All are Mon-Sat

Topic for Study



@ Midnight



@ Midnight

1 Jun 15-20 Introduction to Foundations of Music Education

Discussion 1

Post: Fri Jun 19

Resp.: Sat Jun 20

Assignment 1

Sat Jun 20
2 Jun 21-27 History of Music Education

Discussion 2

Post: Fri Jun 26

Resp.: Sat Jun 27

Assignment 2

Sat Jun 27
3 Jun 28-Jul 4 Philosophies of Music Education

Discussion 3

Post: Fri Jul 3

Resp.: Sat Jul 4

Assignment 3

Sat Jul 4
4 Jul 5-11 Curriculum in Music Education

Discussion 4

Post: Fri Jul 10

Resp.: Sat Jul 11

Assignment 4

Sat Jul 11
5 Jul 12-18 Learning Theories in Music Education

Discussion 5

Post: Fri Jul 17

Resp.: Sat Jul 18

Assignment 5

Sat Jul 18
6 Jul 19-25 Teaching in Music Education

Discussion 6

Post: Fri Jul 24

Resp.: Sat Jul 25


7 Jul 26-Aug 1 Recent Developments in Music Education

Discussion 7

Post: Fri Jul 31

Resp.: Sat Aug 1

Assignment 6

Final Project Paper

Sat Aug 1
8 Aug 2-Aug 7 Now What?

Discussion 8

Post: Fri Aug 7

Resp.: Sat Aug 8

Assignment 7

Final Project Critiques

Fri Aug 7

Week 1


Greetings online students!  


Welcome to Foundations of Music Education 


Please follow the link to review the Foundations of Music Education Syllabus which contains grading and policy information.  Let me know if you have any questions. My email address is  



Please read these instructions about the Discussions


On this Course Outline page, you will find links to the lecture for each week, as well as any general announcements to the class.   The animated bullets to the right will designate "action" items, so be sure you accomplish these each week.  There is an overview calendar at the top of the page for quick reference. 


Be aware that this is an organic document.  It WILL change.  You are responsible for what is on this page, not a hard copy that you printed off in the first week of the course. 


So be careful about working too far ahead as assignments and requirements may change!



Now, click in to the first lecture, and let's get started!


Lecture:  Introduction to Foundations of Music Education





If you come across mistakes in the web pages in this course or dead links, I would appreciate it if you would let me know!




NOTE:  If you have any trouble submitting your assignment in Canvas, switch to a different browser and try again!



NOTE #2: Each week, I will have a Zoom office hour



Watch for the Zoom sign below for the time scheduled and the Zoom link each week. These are not required, but are for you to ask questions, get feedback, and pop in and out as you please throughout the office hour.


  1. All assignments and discussions will be posted in Canvas. Here is a link for Canvas help:

  2. To access the Tarleton library, you will need to be on the Tarleton network. If you are unable to access resources from a link on this page or a lecture page, make sure you are logged in to the Tarleton network. This will be important when you are researching topics and writing papers requiring citations.

  3. Zoom: periodically, there will be Zoom sessions available for synchronous Q&A. I will send a Zoom link for you to access. Be sure to test your video and audio prior to the Zoom.

  4. If you have trouble submitting an assignment or accessing a resource, the first thing you should do is to try using a different browser. The next thing you should do is to call the Help Desk at 254/968-9885. If the problem is specific to Canvas, call 254/968-1960.


There will be no reading assignment this week.  Make sure you have your textbook ready for the first reading assignment next week.  See the Syllabus for information about the textbook.


Assignment 1: 

Create a PowerPoint presentation to introduce yourself. Include your current personal philosophy of music education.


Submit this by midnight on Saturday to "Assignment 1" in Canvas.  I will "publish" these after submission for your classmates to view next week.  This assignment will only be graded for completion and will not receive a numerical grade that counts. 


Here are some Tips for your PowerPoint IntroductionBe sure to read these!!


Notes on Assignment 1


Most of you probably have some experience with PowerPoint.  Reasons for this assignment include:

  • Pictures speak louder than words.  An online class depends upon interaction for an optimal learning experience.  Your biographical presentation will help us all to connect with you personally and with your unique experiences in music education.

  • PowerPoint is a standard tool for presentations of scholarly work.  We would be remiss if we did not expose you, even in this informal capacity, to its use.

  • Although the content may be informal, the quality of the product should not be. The Tips link above will help you to make your presentation look professional.

If you have previously constructed an introductory PowerPoint for another course, feel free to use it.  Look through it and see if you can make some improvements before submitting.  Be sure to read the Tips!


Discussion 1: 

After reading through the first lecture, answer this question:


What questions might the alien ask about your teaching situation in your school? List at least 5 and then answer the alien's questions.  The point of this question is to try to find the truly objective perspective of someone from the outside, so don't concern yourself with the type of alien, etc.  However, I'm not talking about parents or school personnel (most are not aliens ;-).  Don't use this as a rant about the thoughtless questions you are routinely asked. In responding to your peers, analyze whether they have adequately satisfied the alien's curiosity.


Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Saturday (midnight).  Refer to the discussion rubric and remember that you receive more points for posting earlier than Friday.



This week's Zoom office hour will be Tuesday, June 16 at 1:00pm

Zoom link:


I will survey the class to see if the same time each week will work or if we need to vary it.

Week 2 

Lecture:  History of Music Education


Info on Assignment 2

Although the paper does not have to be very long, you should use formal language, proper formatting, and list your sources in a bibliography at the end.  Here is a link to a page that includes some Writing tips.


Beginning with this first assignment, all assignments in this course should adhere to APA Style.  This includes details like:

Double space throughout the paper:  no exceptions. Google the instructions to set this global default in your version of Word.



Use the checklist linked at right for this and every assignment.  The first item on the checklist is a template that includes a lot of required APA formatting.  Use it every time.  


Everything you need to know is in your APA manual. The bibliography at the end should be formatted in APA style.  Recent versions of Word have a feature that will format the bibliography for you.  The instructions on how to use it are in the Writing tips above. 


Use the APA style of formatting.  If you use a direct quote in your paper, or refer to an original idea that is not your own, you need to cite the source.  Following the quote or the idea, you simply include the author's last name and the date of the source in parentheses.  The source can be a book, journal article, speech, web page, etc.


Example:  "I have a dream" (King, 1963).  You would include the full reference at the end of your paper in the bibliography.


A word about sources:  Use several sources, not just one.  Beware of Wikipiedia.  Some professors will not even allow their students to use Wikipiedia at all.  The concept of this tool is that anyone can post information or change what is there.  The result is that it cannot be assumed to be reliable.  Having said that, I use Wikipiedia all the time.  Often there is a terrific bibliography on the subject at the end of the Wikipiedia entry.  Use Wikipiedia as a portal.  It's a great tool if used for that purpose, but do not depend upon it as your final authority.  So, to be clear, do NOT cite Wikipiedia, but find more reliable sources from bibliographies provided on Wikipiedia pages.


Use the TSU Library link.  From there, choose 'Music.'  A few of my favorites from that page are JSTOR, IIMP (International Index to Music Periodicals) and Oxford Music Online but take a little time to browse the others.  You'll be using these resources throughout your graduate career, so get to know them!


It is very tempting to just Google to find information. That is not acceptable in formal papers in a graduate program.


If you have any questions, remember to use the 'Ask Dr. J' forum under 'Discussions.'  Others probably have the same questions you do. Or, you can save up your questions for the weekly Zoom office hour.


Chapter 1


Assignment 2: 

Choose a culture outside the United States.  Do a little research and find out what their system of music education is like.  In other words, how is music taught?  How is music learned?  What are their music classrooms like?  How is their system of music education of benefit to their culture?  Do not give me a history of their system of music education, but only what is happening right now. Resist the temptation to list the objectives of the system and try to find out what is actually taught (Sure, their knowledge and skills objectives say that all kindergarteners will write a symphony, but what really happens in their classroom? :-) Synthesize your findings into a paper that is 2-3 pages long (exclusive of cover sheet and references).  Use the checklist below before beginning and before submitting your assignment. The writing rubric that I will use to grade your papers will be available in Canvas with the assignment.  Check it out!



Submit your paper to Turnitin and make any revisions necessary before submitting the assignment to Canvas.




Use this checklist before beginning and before submitting your assignment. 

Note:  for the short papers in this course, you do not need to include an abstract (only for your final project).


Submit your paper in Word document form.  Name the file Assignment2_YourName (substituting your name, of course ;-)  These papers will be published for your classmates to read after they are graded.  No grades or comments will appear on the papers to be read by your classmates.


Discussion 2: 

Based upon your reading in Chapter 1, answer the following questions:


1. Music is and always was relevant, and so is teaching music. If there were no music classes in schools, people would continue to learn music in other ways. Considering the way we teach in public schools today and the curriculum we use, is that kind of music education in American schools relevant to our culture today? Why or why not?

Note:  Please do not argue whether music education is relevant, but whether the way we teach it is relevant.


2. Does the United States' culture require music?

3. What did music education accomplish for our culture in the various time periods in U.S. history?



Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Saturday (midnight).  Refer to the discussion rubric and remember that you receive more points for posting earlier than Friday.


Follow the link below to check out your classmates' PowerPoints


This week's Zoom office hour will be ?

Zoom link:


Week 3 

Lecture:  Philosophies of Music Education


For Assignment 3


Here are some resources to get you started.


Tarleton library online databases


Access to the TSU library from off-campus locations



This is a great place to start.  You can use "aesthetic music education" and "praxial music education" and get articles from peer-reviewed journals in the music profession.  Don't forget to cite your sources and include a bibliography at the end of your paper.



Note:  When you view your papers that I have graded in Canvas, make sure that you can see my comments written in the margins of your papers. 

If you click the X to the right of "Comments & Markups," you can see the comments connected to the paper more easily. 


Also VERY Important!:  Make a list of the corrections (See Checklist on the right) on your graded paper and do this for EVERY paper.  For example, if I mark that you should put punctuation inside quotation marks instead of outside, put that on a running list that you will look at before turning in the next paper.  Old habits die hard and it is INSANITY to make the same mistakes over and over.


Chapter 2



Assignment 3: 

There are two philosophies of music education that seem to hold opposite views:  the Aesthetic philosophy vs. the Praxial philosophy.  Search through a variety of sources and write a paper explaining the differences between the two philosophies.  Conclude your paper by justifying your support for one or the other.  Don't forget your cover sheet and references.

Note:  Since your last paragraph will be a personal statement, you may use "I" to describe your preference.



Submit your paper to Turnitin and make any revisions necessary before submitting the assignment to Canvas.



Use this checklist before beginning and before submitting your assignment.


Discussion 3: 

After reading the lecture material for this week, list for your discussion post:

  • List 5 "beliefs" about music education.

  • List 5 "findings" about music education.

  • List 5 "philosophies" about music education.

  • Construct an overall all-encompassing statement that summarizes your philosophy of music education.


1. unless you can measure it and prove it, it is not a finding

2. a philosophy must be based on a rational explanation. Don't just find a cool quote and call it a philosophy. Ask yourself if the statement could be used as a guiding principle.


In responding to your classmates' posts, analyze these lists as to whether they are correctly categorized


Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Saturday (midnight).  Refer to the discussion rubric and remember that you receive more points for posting earlier than Friday.



This week's Zoom office hour will be ?

Zoom link:


Week 4 

Lecture:  Curriculum in Music Education




Chapter 3

Curriculum Seminars 1-4 (Linked on Lecture page)


Assignment 4: 

Read the 4 documents in the Curriculum Seminar grid.  Pretend that you are writing a review of the curriculum articles for a scholarly journal.  You would briefly summarize or outline the project, note important points, analyze the author's intent, assess the general applicability of the curriculum seminar to classroom application, etc.  In your final discussion/conclusion section, you may interpret, agree, disagree, apply, comment, etc. (do not make personal opinion comments until that last section). The result of your 'review' should be a paper 3-5 pages long.  Use standard APA formatting.  If you have other questions, please submit them in the "Ask Dr. J" forum as others will likely benefit from your inquiries.



Submit your paper to Turnitin and make any revisions necessary before submitting the assignment to Canvas.



Use this checklist before beginning and before submitting your assignment.


Discussion 4:

The Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Music prescribe what students in Texas should know and be able to do at certain levels.  Many states have similar documents.  Read the TEKS for Grades 5, 8, and 12.  Do you think they are realistic?  Do you think they are possible?  Are the majority of your students at the prescribed level of competency?  If not, under what circumstances would that be possible?  Any other thoughts on the states' position on curriculum and competencies? On your schools' position on curriculum and competencies?


If you are from another state, please feel free to find your own state's requirements and answer the questions based on that information. Be sure to identify your state in the discussion forum.


Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Saturday (midnight).  Refer to the discussion rubric and remember that you receive more points for posting earlier than Friday.


This week's Zoom office hour will be ?

Zoom link:



Week 5

Lecture:  Learning Theories in Music Education



Your final project will be based on a topic of your choice.

Well, almost . . .

You get to choose from a list of topics that I have chosen!

Here is the link to more information if you would like to get started early:

Final Project




Chapter 4


Assignment 5:

Instead of an assignment this week, please follow this link to the page for your Final Project instructions.  Browse the subject titles and choose your first and second choices that you would like to research for your final project.  Submit those choices in the Assignment tab.  You don't have to attach a Word document.  Just use the comment space.  The reason for having 2 choices is that I want to cover as many topics as possible.  Therefore, I will limit to one person per topic.  Everyone will get their first choice unless more than one of you choose the same one.  In that event, we will go to second choices.  If you have a slightly different topic that interests you, but within the umbrella of "Foundations of Music Education," let me know and I will certainly consider it.


Discussion 5: 

Based upon your reading and the lecture for this week, answer the following questions:

  1. Considering Bloom's Taxonomy, do you require your students to utilize higher order thinking skills as much as you would like in your teaching?  Remember that 'exploring' is not 'creating' in the hierarchy of levels of thinking.

  2. What was the result of your own Multiple Intelligence test?  Setting your musical score aside, what were your highest scores/lowest scores?  How do you think your strengths/weaknesses affect the way you teach music? 

Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Saturday (midnight).  Refer to the discussion rubric and remember that you receive more points for posting earlier than Friday.



Week 6


Lecture:  Teaching in Music Education


Abrahams:  "Critical Pedagogy for Music Education"



Here is a helpful list of journals to use in your research


Music Research Journals



Chapter 5



Work on Final projects


Final Project

Discussion 6: 

Read the article by Abrahams.  One of the innovative notions about this experimental practice as described by the author is that the lessons were not based upon objectives.  After reading the article, share your thoughts about the process described.  Then share a hypothetical example of how you might use that same process in your own classroom situation.


Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Saturday (midnight).  Refer to the discussion rubric and remember that you receive more points for posting earlier than Friday.

This week's Zoom office hour will be ?

Zoom link:



Week 7

Lecture:  Recent Developments in Music Education

Regelski:  Music Education for a Changing Society


Chapter 6

Regelski article

Assignment 6

Your Final Project research paper is due Saturday at midnight.

NOTE: Re-read the requirements in the link below AGAIN before you submit your paper.


Final Project



Submit your paper to Turnitin and make any revisions necessary before submitting the assignment to Canvas.



Use this checklist before beginning and before submitting your assignment.  Remember that this paper will require an abstract. Remember also that an abstract is NOT an introduction to your paper. It should be written last.


Discussion 7:  

Has your personal philosophy of music education changed since Week 1? Please elaborate!

This week's Zoom office hour will be?

Zoom link:


Week 8

Now What?





Final Project Critiques

You are responsible for 3 thorough analyses/critiques as part of your Final Project grade.


Critique the three classmates whose names follow yours below.



Chapter 7


Discussion 8 :  Final Project Critiques

Post your final project paper as your original post.


Read your classmates' papers (see instructions to your left for which to read).  Respond to each project separately as a response to their thread and give your assessment of the paper.  Did you learn something you didn't know?  Did the paper draw some conclusions and employ critical thinking within the specified topic area?  Did the paper fulfill all of the requirements of the assignment as outlined on the Final Project webpage?  If it was your responsibility to help each classmate improve this paper, what suggestions would you offer?  Include suggestions related to content, structure, and formatting.  Read the Critique section here for guidelines.


Note:  In reading your critiques, I am looking for what you have learned in the course by what you suggest to others.  If you leave a one-sentence suggestion, I will assume that is all you have learned and you will be graded accordingly.  Consider all of the comments I have left on your papers as a starting point.  Do not just leave comments about a few ways for your classmates to improve. Leave comments on everything you find! Show me what you have learned!

Answer the question by Friday (midnight) and post responses to your peers by Saturday (midnight).  Refer to the discussion rubric and remember that you receive more points for posting earlier than Friday.



No Final Exam for this course.  When you have submitted everything, you are finished!  However, keep checking in as I will occasionally assign a redo.



Computer Configuration


Be sure and configure your computer BEFORE you need to submit an assignment.  Do not wait until 11:45pm to discover a Canvas or tech issue!

How to use Canvas


For tech problems and questions, call the Help Desk at 254/968-9885.  They are very helpful and your student fees pay for that service, so use it!  Write this number down and keep it handy.





Submit assignments as  Word documents unless specified otherwise.  Do not try to submit the document without saving it first. 

Be sure and save it to a folder where you can retrieve it later.  Sometimes resubmissions are necessary.


Save the document as Assignment1_YourName.docx (substituting the correct week and correct assignment number and using your own name :-)


Use the Submission Checklist before beginning each new assignment (the APA template is in there) and again before submission (go through it and check off each requirement).


Upload the Word document in the assignment section as an attachment.


All assignments should use APA style when citing sources.  Use the author-date method of citation (surname of author without suffixes or titles and the year of publication*).  Whenever in-text citations are used, there should be a reference list at the end of the paper.  Here are some examples of in-text citations:


Early experience contributes to positive results in pitch matching (Adams, 2011).


If the name of the author appears in the text, then cite only the year of publication in the parentheses.

Adams (2011) found that among second grade music students…

When required (direct quotes, statistics, etc.), also provide the page number.

Among those studied, 82% were able to keep a steady beat (Adams, 2011, p. 43).

Note:  Refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th Edition.  You will be referring to this manual whenever you have a written assignment that requires citing sources (most of them!).  There are some good online helps that you may wish to use in conjunction with your manual.   Note that in APA style, not all words in the title of your references are capitalized.  Get in that habit!


Occasionally your assignments may be returned to you for a redo or for revisions.  Make your corrections and resubmit through the Assignment section as before.



I require that all paper assignments be submitted to Turnitin.  This is for your benefit, not mine.  I trust that you have integrity and will not intentionally plagiarize others' work.  Turnitin is a tool that can help writers to monitor their own work.  It can indicate whether you are using too many direct quotes or paraphrasing too much, and can therefore help you to make your paper better before submitting it to me in Canvas.

In order to post your paper to the Turnitin site, you will need to create a profile and join the "Foundations of Music Education 2020" class.

  1. Go to this login page:
  2. Create a user profile (if you already have a profile, just log in to your account and look for the button that says, "enroll in a class.")
  3. Your class ID number is 25058353. Your enrollment password is FOME (clever, huh?).


How to submit your paper:


1. Click on the class name (Foundations of Music Education 2020)

2. Click on the Submit button to the right of the assignment name (first one will be Assignment 2)

3. Select the "single file upload" from the "choose a paper submission method" menu

4. Enter your name for "submission title"

5. Click browse to find the file on your computer

6. Find the file on your computer and click open

7. Click upload

8. Click submit to finalize the submission


Please ignore the due dates on the papers in Turnitin. Refer to deadlines on your Course Outline only.

A few minutes after submitting, you will get an originality report. Don’t be alarmed if your report shows a low percentage (still in the green). Common phrases and titles will often show a match, as will direct quotes (inside quotation marks).

Look through the report for all matches.  Unless the match is a direct quote that you cite by author and page number, or a common phrase, or a reference or title that is standardized, you should have NO matches.  It is never acceptable to directly copy a sentence or even a portion of a sentence written by someone else without using quotation marks.  Synthesize the information and put it in your own words.  Rewrite those unacceptable matches before you turn in your paper.




 It is very important that you name your file according to the instructions above.  Otherwise, I have to rename each file.  So please take a moment to rename the file before submission if you do not name it as above originally.




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